What Are the Best Strategies for a Living Green Wall Installation Indoors?

March 10, 2024

Creating an indoor green wall can transform your living space into a verdant oasis, providing not only visual appeal but also purifying the air and creating a calming environment. Green walls, also known as living walls, are self-sufficient vertical gardens that are attached to the interior or exterior of a building. They differ from green façades in that the plants root in a structural support fastened to the wall. However, creating a thriving green wall inside your home or office requires careful planning and the right approach. In this article, we will examine the best strategies for installing an indoor green wall, from choosing the right plants and irrigation systems to ensuring proper light and maintenance.

Selecting the Right Plants

Choosing the right plants for your indoor green wall is crucial. Some plants thrive better in an indoor vertical garden setting than others, and your decision should be based on the specific conditions of your space.

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There are several factors to consider when selecting plants for your indoor living wall. Firstly, consider the light levels in your space. Different plants have varying light requirements, and you must choose plants that will thrive in the natural light your space provides.

Also, think about the humidity in your space. Some plants require more moisture than others, and your wall’s location may affect its humidity level.

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Finally, consider maintenance. Some plants require more care than others, so you must choose plants you can realistically maintain.

Some popular choices for indoor green walls include ferns, pothos, philodendrons, and some varieties of succulents. However, you should always research and consult with a professional if you’re unsure about the best plants for your space.

Designing Your Green Wall

Good design is essential to create a visually appealing and healthy indoor green wall. It involves more than just arranging plants in a pleasing pattern.

First, you must consider the structure of your wall. Decide where you want to install your green wall and ensure the wall can support the weight of the plants and the irrigation system. Besides, the wall should be within easy reach for watering and maintenance.

Next, decide on the layout of your plants. Consider the height, color, and growth patterns of each plant when planning your design. For example, you may want to place taller plants at the top and smaller plants at the bottom.

Lastly, think about how the green wall will fit into your overall interior design. The wall should complement your decor and create a focal point in your space.

Implementing an Effective Irrigation System

A successful green wall requires a functional irrigation system. The irrigation system you choose will largely depend on the size of your green wall, the types of plants you select, and the location of your wall.

Drip irrigation systems are commonly used for indoor green walls. This system drips water slowly onto the soil at the base of each plant, which then soaks up the water. Drip irrigation is effective because it delivers water directly to the roots of the plants and minimizes water waste.

Another option is a recirculating irrigation system. This system collects excess water in a reservoir at the bottom of the wall and recycles it back to the top. This system is typically used for larger green walls and can be automated to provide a steady supply of water.

Regardless of the irrigation system you choose, make sure you monitor your plants regularly to ensure they are receiving the right amount of water.

Lighting and Maintenance

Proper lighting is vital for the survival of your plants. Unless your green wall is installed in an area with abundant natural light, you will likely need to supplement with artificial lighting.

LED lights are an excellent choice for indoor green wall installations because they are energy-efficient and provide a broad spectrum of light that plants can utilize for photosynthesis. You should position your lights to evenly illuminate your entire wall and set them on a timer to simulate a natural day/night cycle.

Finally, regular maintenance of your green wall is crucial. This involves watering, trimming, feeding, and occasionally replacing plants. It’s also important to regularly check for pests and diseases. A well-maintained green wall will not only look better but also be healthier and last longer.

Final Thoughts

Creating an indoor green wall can be a rewarding project that adds a unique design element to your living space. By choosing the right plants, creating a thoughtful design, implementing an effective irrigation system, and ensuring proper light and maintenance, you can create a stunning and thriving indoor green wall. Just remember, a green wall is a living work of art and will require regular care to keep it looking its best.

The Importance of the Growing Medium

The selection of the right growing medium is another significant aspect of creating a successful indoor green wall. The growing medium serves as the foundation for your plants, providing them with the necessary nutrients and moisture they need to thrive.

There are two main types of growing media you may consider for your indoor living wall. The first is hydroponics, which involves growing plants in water without soil. Hydroponics systems make use of a nutrient-rich solution to provide plants with all the necessary elements for growth. This method is highly efficient and eco-friendly, as it uses less water than traditional soil-based systems. However, it can require more maintenance to ensure the nutrient solution is balanced correctly.

The second option is a soil-based growing medium, usually a specialized potting mix that retains moisture and nutrients while allowing good drainage. This type of medium is often easier to manage and is suitable for a wide variety of plants, making it a popular choice for living walls.

You should ensure that the wall system you choose allows for easy access to the growing medium for ongoing maintenance and potential replacements.

The Advantages of Moss Walls

If you’re looking for a low-maintenance alternative to traditional living walls, you might consider installing a moss wall. Moss walls are a type of vertical garden that utilizes preserved moss instead of live plants.

Moss walls provide many of the same benefits as living green walls, such as improving indoor air quality and adding a touch of biophilic design to your space. They are an excellent option for spaces with limited natural light, as they do not require the same level of lighting as living plants.

Moss walls are also easier to maintain than living walls. They do not require an irrigation system or regular watering, making them a low-maintenance option for those who want the aesthetic benefits of a green wall without the upkeep.

Moss walls come in various styles and types, including flat moss, bun moss, and reindeer moss, each offering a unique texture and look. They can be used to create stunning patterns and designs, adding a touch of greenery to any interior space.


Creating an indoor living wall can be a challenging yet rewarding project. From choosing the right plants, selecting the perfect growing medium, designing the layout, implementing the right irrigation system, ensuring adequate lighting to ongoing maintenance – every step plays an essential role in the successful establishment of a thriving green wall. Alternatively, for a low-maintenance option, moss walls offer a unique and easy-care solution.

Through careful planning and execution, you can transform your indoor space into a lush, green oasis. An indoor green wall not only enhances the aesthetic appeal of your space but also offers numerous health benefits, making it a worthwhile addition to any home or office. Remember, patience and regular care are key to maintaining your living work of art. With the right approach, your green wall will serve as a testament to your commitment to eco-friendly living and biophilic design.